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Vocab review for Chapter 6

polymer large molecule made of lots of regular repeating units
carbohydrate large macromolecule made of C, H, O that is used for quick energy in the body
monosaccharide monomer or subunit of carbohydrate, glucose is an example
lipid large molecule made of C, H and O that is the most efficient energy storing compound
protein large molecule made of C, H, O, N and S that is used to form structural materials and enzymes
amino acid monomer or subunit of protien
catalyst chemical that lowers the activation energy required for a reaction to occur. It takes part in the reaction but is not changed by the reaction.
nucleic acid large molecule made of C, H, O, N and P that stores cellular information
RNA single stand nucleic acid that has several jobs in the cell
DNA double strand nucleic acid that stores the cellular information
nucleotide monomer or subunit of nucleic acid
disaccharide two monosaccharides attached together
polysaccharide many monosaccharides attached together
starch polysaccharide used by plants to store chemical energy
cellulose polysaccharide used by plants to make structural materials like cell walls. It is the most abundant polysaccharide in the world.
glycogen polysaccharide produced only by animals that stores chemical energy
sucrose disaccharide made of glucose and fructose
lactose disaccharide made of glucose and galactose
maltose disaccharide made of 2 glucose molecules
Triglyceride lipid molecule made up of a glycerol molecule and the three fatty acids that are attached to it.
phospholipid lipid molecule made up of glycerol, the two fatty acids and a phosphate that are attached to the glycerol
saturated fatty acid that does not contain any double bonds between its carbon atoms and has the maximum amount of hydrogen bound to the carbons. They are usually liquids at room temperature
unsaturated fatty acid that does contain double bonds between its carbon atoms and does not have the maximum amount of hydrogen bound to the carbons. They are usually solids at room temperature
adenine nitrogen base that pairs with thymine in DNA
cytosine nitrogen base that pairs with guanine in DNA
Created by: abolvin



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