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Bio Words 3

starting point for learning vocab C12 and some misc...

QuestionAnswer
Process in which mRNA ( messenger) is synthesized from the template DNA transcription
Process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein is assembled translation
A self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the carrier of genetic information in chromosomes DNA
A nucleic acid that is single-stranded and plays a major role in carrying out (completing) protein synthesis ( protein making) RNA
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands twisted around each other Double Helix
Permanent change in a cell's DNA, ranging from changes in a single base pair to deletions of large sections of chromosomes Mutation
Complex process where the original(parent) strands of DNA in a double helix are separated and each one is copied to produce a new identical daughter strand. replication
Sequence of three DNA or three RNA nucleotides that corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal during protein synthesis Codon
The building blocks of all biological proteins, linked together via peptide bonds in a particular order as directed by genes Amino Acid
Building block of nucleic acids, an organic compound made up of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group Nucleotide
an allele that is expressed in an organism's phenotype when present Dominant
Genes expressing the phenotype ONLY when the allel pair is identical and will be masked when paired with a dominant allele Recessive
Building block of matter containing subatomic partricles Atom
A system that includes all living organisms (biotic factors) in an area as well as its physical environment ( abiotic factors) Ecosystem
Layer of earth that supports life Biosphere
Substance(s) that exists before a chemical reaction starts; located on the left side of the arrow in a chemical equation Reactant
Substance(s) formed by a chemical reaction; located on the right side of the arrow in a chemical equation Product
The green pigment found in the chloroplasts of higher plants, which is primarily involved in absorbing light energy for photosynthesis Chlorophyll
Cell organelle that helps synthesize(make) proteins Ribosome
Substance that releases hydrogen ions ( H+) when dissolved in water; has a sour taste and a pH less than 7 Acid
Substance that releases hydroxide ions ( OH-) when dissolved in water; tastes bitter and feels slippery or slimy to the touch; pH greater than 7 Base
Created by: shemehl