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bio204.s1.d26

cava bio 204 s1.d26 2.15 Amino Acids and Proteins

QuestionAnswer
Silk protein (like all proteins) is made up of molecules called [...] acids. Silk protein (like all proteins) is made up of molecules called amino acids.
Amino acids are the chemical building blocks of all [-s], which are large molecules with many important functions. Amino acids are the chemical building blocks of all proteins, which are large molecules with many important functions.
Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. [...], 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O). Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O).
Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. [...], 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O). Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O).
Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. [...], and 4. oxygen (O). Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O).
Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. [...]. Amino acids are a class of organic compounds that contain 1. carbon (C), 2. hydrogen (H), 3. nitrogen (N), and 4. oxygen (O).
Amino acids contain the same elements as carbohydrates and lipids (carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen), but also include the element [...]. Amino acids contain the same elements as carbohydrates and lipids (carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen), but also include the element nitrogen (N).
Nitrogen tends to form [...] bonds, whereas carbon tends to form 4. Nitrogen tends to form 3 bonds, whereas carbon tends to form 4.
All amino acids have a central [...] atom with four components attached to it. All amino acids have a central carbon atom with four components attached to it.
Aside from the amine group (nitrogen-centered group) and the carboxyl group (acidic COOH group), the central carbon atom of an amino acid is attached to one of several possible groups called an [...]-group Aside from the amine group (nitrogen-centered group) and the carboxyl group (acidic COOH group), the central carbon atom of an amino acid is attached to one of several possible groups called an R-group
The [...]-group is different in different amino acids. Its chemical and physical properties give each amino acid unique characteristics and functions. The R-group is different in different amino acids. Its chemical and physical properties give each amino acid unique characteristics and functions.
About [...] amino acids exist in nature and make up all proteins in living organisms. About 20 amino acids exist in nature and make up all proteins in living organisms.
A '[...]' bond is a bond between amino acids. A 'peptide' bond is a bond between amino acids.
Specifically, a peptide bond is a bond between an -O of a carboxyl group (COOH) and the [...] of an amino group (-NH2) of different amino acids. Specifically, a peptide bond is a bond between an -O of a carboxyl group (COOH) and the N of an amino group (-NH2) of different amino acids.
Any string of 50 or fewer amino acids joined together with peptide bonds is a [...] (poly- = many) Any string of 50 or fewer amino acids joined together with peptide bonds is a polypeptide (poly- = many)
A [...] is a large polypeptide (more than ~50 amino acids), or several polypeptides bound together with chemicals called ligands. A protein is a large polypeptide (more than ~50 amino acids), or several polypeptides bound together with chemicals called ligands.
A protein can be one large polypeptide or several polypeptides bound together by chemicals called [-s] ('ligand' = joiner) A protein can be one large polypeptide or several polypeptides bound together by chemicals called ligands ('ligand' = joiner)
K12 refers to the 'fer-de-lance', as being something with venomous proteins that bites mice.... your teacher thinks they should have told you that it's a [...]. K12 refers to the 'fer-de-lance', as being something with venomous proteins that bites mice.... your teacher thinks they should have told you that it's a SNAKE.
[...] is what you call it when you inject it into or spray it onto your prey, [...] is what a predator gets when it tries to eat you. People get these confused a lot. Venom is what you call it when you inject it into or spray it onto your prey, Poison is what a predator gets when it tries to eat you. People get these confused a lot.
Enzyme names tend to end in "[...]"... Mr. Shapard does not know why. Enzyme names tend to end in "-in"... Mr. Shapard does not know why.
The largest animal that has ever lived is the [...] (and it's still with us). The largest animal that has ever lived is the blue whale (and it's still with us).
The blue whale can grow to be nearly 100 feet long and weight about 170 tons. Their [-s] alone can weigh as much as an elephant. The blue whale can grow to be nearly 100 feet long and weight about 170 tons. Their tongues alone can weigh as much as an elephant.
Baleen whales such as the blue whale gulp in huge amounts of seawater into their mouths and then push it out through structures called [...] (they don't have teeth). This filters small plants and animals out of the water. This is the whale's food. Baleen whales such as the blue whale gulp in huge amounts of seawater into their mouths and then push it out through structures called baleen (they don't have teeth). This filters small plants and animals out of the water. This is the whale's food.
Baleen are made of a structural protein called [...]—the same protein that makes up your hair and fingernails. Baleen are made of a structural protein called keratin—the same protein that makes up your hair and fingernails.
[C-] is another important structural protein. It is the main component of many tissues in your body, such as bones, teeth, cartilage, and tendons. Collagen is another important structural protein. It is the main component of many tissues in your body, such as bones, teeth, cartilage, and tendons.
Scurvey is a disease caused by an inability to produce [...] protein. The effects of scurvey show up first in the mouth where your gum tissue needs a steady supply of [...]. Scurvey is a disease caused by an inability to produce collagen protein. The effects of scurvey show up first in the mouth where your gum tissue needs a steady supply of collagen.
A specialized protein called [h-] is present in your blood, and it picks up oxygen in your lungs and delivers it throughout your body. A specialized protein called hemoglobin is present in your blood, and it picks up oxygen in your lungs and delivers it throughout your body.
Each hemoglobin molecule contains an [...] atom, which binds to the oxygen (loosely). Each hemoglobin molecule contains an iron atom, which binds to the oxygen (loosely).
[Anti-] are defense proteins that the body produces in response to invading pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses. Antibodies are defense proteins that the body produces in response to invading pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses.
Created by: mr.shapard