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Basic IV vocab

IV vocabulary

Access Port Sealed hub on an administration set designed for sterile access to the IV fluid
Administration Set Tubing that connects to the IV bag access port and the catheter to deliver the IV fluid
Butterfly Catheter Rigid, hollow, venous cannulation device, identified by plastic "wings" that act as anchoring points for securing the catheter. Ideal for peds; can be used in same locations as over-the-needle caths and in visible "scalp veins" on infants
Catheter A flexible, hollow structure that drains or delivers fluids
Catheter Shear The cutting of the catheter by the needle during improper rethreading of the catheter with the needle; the severed piece can then enter the circulatory system
Drip Chamber The area of the administration set where fluid accumulates so that the tubing remains filled with fluid.
Drip Sets Another name for Administration Sets
External Jugular IV IV access established in the external jugular vein of the neck.
Gauge A measure of the interior diameter of the catheter. The larger the number the smaller the cath. (20 is smaller than 14)
Infiltration escape of fluid into the surrounding tissue Can cause localized are of edema/swelling Reasons: IV cath passed completely thru vein n out other side; pt moving excessively; tape has become loose/dislodged; cath inserted too shallow an angle/entered tissue
Intraosseous (IO) Needle Rigid, boring catheter placed into a bone to provide IV fluids.
Isontonic Crystalloids Main type of fluids used in prehospital for fluid replacement because of the ability to support blood pressure by remaining within the vascular compartment
Jamshedi Needle Type of Intraosseous double needle consisting of a solid, boring needle inside a sharpened hollow needle.
(KVO)Keep the Vein Open IV setup A phrase that refers to the flow rate of a maintenance IV line established for prophylactic access.
Local Reaction Mild to Moderate reaction to an irritant without systemic consequences.
Macrodrip Set Administration set; allows for rapid fluid flow into the vascular system; named for the large orifice between the piercing spike and the drip chamber
Microdrip Set Administration set; allows for carefully controlled fluid flow and is ideally suited for medication administration; named for the small orifice between the piercing spike and the drip chambe
Occlusion Blockage, usually of a tubular structure such as a blood vessel
Over-the-needle-catheter Prehospital standard for IV cannulation; consists of a hollow tube over a laser-sharpened, steel needle
Phlebitis Inflammation of the vein; associated with a clot in the vein. pt with IV drug abuse and IV therapy outpatient. fever, tenderness n red streaking along assoc. vein.
Piercing Spike Hard, sharpened plastic spike onthe end of the administration set designed to pierce the sterile membrane of the IV bag.
Proximal Tibia Anatomic location for intraosseous catheter insertion the wide portion of the tibia located directly below the knee.
Saline Lock Special type of IV apparatus also called:buff cap, heparin cap, and heparin lock.
Systemic Complication Complication affecting the systems of the body; after admin of meds, the reaction might be systemic: ie allergic reactions; air embolus; catheter shear; circulatory overload; vasovagal reactions
Vasovagal Reaction Sudden hypotension and fainting assoc. w traumatic or medical events. place pt in shock position; apply hi flo o2; monitor vital signs; ALS should insert an IV catheter in case fluid resuscitation is needed.
Created by: kcpatterson