Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Anaerobes

C. difficile

QuestionAnswer
What is the major predisposing factor for acquiring C. diff? Long term antimicrobial therapy which alters the normal flora of the intestines allowing for C. diff to take control
what two groups of people can harbor C. diff asymptomatically? infants and CF patients
What causes the clinical symptoms of CDAD? The toxins given off by C. diff,is mainly toxin A but it is believed that toxins A and B work synergistically.
Describe the TOX A/B Test. It is an immunoassay for the detection of toxins A and B, if the specimen contains the toxins they will bind to the detecting antibody and the immobilized polyclonal antibody during incubation. A color can then be detected, purple means positive.
List other tests for detecting C. diff. Cytotoxicity assay/ tissue culture= best however expensive and slow, latex agglutination, stool culture on CCFYA agar, genetic analysis, endoscopy
If left untreated what can CDAD progress to? Describe this disease. pseudomembranous colitis (PMC)= syndrome in the large bowel characterized by a layer of necrotic tissue and dead inflammatory cells.
After the C. diff diagnosis has been made what actions should be taken? what treatment should one be given? Antibiotic therapy should be stopped where possible, avoid antidiarrheal agents and narcotics which could decease toxin clearance, and fluid replacement to stay hydrated. Metronidazole is 1st recommended, then vancomycin
what are some complications of PMC? perforation of the colon, dehydration with electrolyte imbalance, and toxic mega colon which can be life threatening.
Created by: Cgover7
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards