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Nucleic Acids


What are the 2 types of Nucleic Acids or Polynucleotides: DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid RNA - Ribonucleic Acid
What are the 3 parts that the monomer of Nucleic Acids consist of? 1. A 5 carbon sugar -Deoxyribose - Ribose 2. Nitrogen containing base 3. Phosphate Group
Functions of DNA Contains instructions for the synthesis of a variety of proteins Proteins are composed of a string of amino acids 3 Bases code for an amino acid Proteins may function as structural proteins, enzymes, transport molecules, antibodies, and hormones
Functions of RNA Messenger RNA - records information from DNA in the nucleus and transports it to the ribosomes Transfer RNA - Delivers the appropriate amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis Ribosomal RNA - A structural component of Ribosomes