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Questions about DNA and RNA

What are the two types of Nucleic Acids or Polynucleotides? DNA - deoxyribonucleic acid RNA - ribonucleic acid
How many parts does the monomer of nucleic acids consist of and what are these parts called? 3 Parts 1. A five-carbon sugar 2. Nitrogen containing bases. 3. Phosphate group
What is a five-carbon sugar? Deoxyribose - found in DNA Ribose - found in RNA
What are the 4 bases in DNA? 4 bases in DNA are; Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C) and Thymine (T).
What are the 4 bases in RNA? 4 bases in RNA are; Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C) and Uracil (U).
What is the phosphate group attached to? The Phosphate group is attached to the sugar
What instructions does DNA contain? Instructions for the synthesis of a wide variety of proteins.
What are proteins composed of? A string of amino acids.
How many bases code for an amino acid? 3 bases code for an amino acid.
What are some of the functions of proteins. Structural support, transport, signaling, defense and movement
What are the 3 functions of RNA 1. Messenger RNA 2. Transfer RNA 3. Ribosomal RNA
What is Messenger RNA? Messenger RNA records information about proteins from DNA in the nucleus and transports this information to the ribosome.
What is Transfer RNA? Transfer RNA delivers the appropriate amino acids to the ribosomes during protein synthesis.
What is Ribosomal RNA A structural component of ribosomes.
How many forms does DNA have? 1
How many forms does RNA have 3
What is the name of the sugar in DNA? deoxiribose
What type of sugar is in RNA? ribose
How many strands does mRNA have? 1
How many strands does DNA have 2
What is the difference in bases? mRNA has uracil instead of thymine.
Where is mRNA found? outside the nucleus
Where is DNA found? inside the nucleus
DNA contains .......... for building ............... DNA contains instructions for building proteins
What are chromosomes composed of? (2) DNA and proteins.
Created by: zarap103