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Ecology 1


Abiotic All NONLIVING factors in an ecosystem (Oxygen, temperature, humidity…)
Autotroph AKA PRODUCERS, they are the PHOTOSYNTHETIC organisms (Plants) in an ecosystem
Biotic All LIVING organisms in an ecosystem (plants, predators….)
Carnivore Animals that feed on other animals (MEAT)
Consumer Organism that obtain their nutrients from eating other organisms (AKA HETEROTROPHS)
Decomposer Bacteria and fungi that RECYCLE NUTRIENTS of dead organisms by releasing them to the soil. They are the last step in any food chain
Ecosystem Community of organisms and the environment they occupy
Food Chain A series of organisms through which energy is passed based on who eat who
Food Web Interconnected food chains
Habitat Part of the environment that an organism lives
Herbivore An organism that eats only plants
Heterotroph Organisms that cannot make their own food and rely on getting it from other organisms
Interdependence In ecology, the concept that all organisms in an ecosystem affect each other
Prey Any ANIMAL that is fed on by a predator
Producer AKA autotroph, organisms such as plants that make their own food through photosynthesis
Scavenger CARNIVORE that FEEDS on animals PREVIOUSLY KILLED by others
Carrying Capacity The maximum amount of organisms an ecosystem can support.
Predator A carnivore or omnivore that hunts its food
Created by: hhazzard
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