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Agents of Disease

TermDefinition
Disease abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism
Infectious disease disease caused by a virus, bacterium, fungus or protist that is spread from an infected organism or the environment to another organism
Noninfectious disease diseases that are noncommunicable and cannot be spread, sometimes called chronic diseases because they last a long time
Pathogen disease producing organism.
Vector any agent (person, animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism.
Bacteria unicellular microorganisms that have cell walls but lack organelles and an organized nucleus.
Virus infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host
Fungus eukaryotic organisms that includes unicellular microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as multicellular fungi that produce familiar fruiting forms known as mushrooms
Protist unicellular or multicellular organism that can be plant like, animal like, or fungus like.
Host cell living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in which a virus can hide until activated by environmental stimuli.
Replication viruses can copy themselves by attaching to a host cell and using the cell as a factory to copy itself
Mutation enable viruses to adjust to changes in their host cells and are the reason why viruses such as the flu are different every year
Antibody a protein that can attach to a pathogen and make it useless, if you have the right antibodies you are immune to a virus.
Antiviral drugs medicine that prevents a virus from entering a cell, antiviral drugs are only good for one virus and not all viruses have one
Vaccine mixture containing material from one or more deactivated pathogens (usually viruses ), helps bodies to form antibodies
Antibiotics some bacteria produce these chemicals that limit the growth of other bacteria.
Toxins poisonous substances produced by some bacteria.
Endospores thick walled structures that some bacteria produce to survive during hard times.
Epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
Pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
Influenza Virus
Malaria Protist
AIDS Virus
Strep Throat Bacteria
Giardia Protist
Athlete's Foot Fungus
A pathogen that can hibernate for hundreds of years Bacteria
Needs a host cell to survive Virus
Uses spores to reproduce Fungus
Likes to live in wet enviroments Protist
Created by: 21fparsons