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Geography Exam

absolute location the precise point where a place is located
relative location where a place is located in relation to another place
what does TOADSSS stand for title, orientation, author, date, scale, symbols, source
what causes seasons the earth's tilt
how are seasons different based on hemispheres they are opposite in the northern and southern hemisphere
Mercator map projection shows directions between places accurately near the equator; distorts size
Lambert map projection shows size accurately at its center; good for showing areas around poles; doesn't show distance or shape properly
eckert map projection shows size of places accurately; distorts shape near poles
Goode's map projection shows how continents compare in size accurately; allows continents to stretch without distorting shape; distorts shape and size of oceans
physical map illustrate physical features of an area
economic activity map feature types of natural resources or economic activity that dominates an area
political map shows political boundaries of countries
vegetation map land cover map that examines types of vegetation found withing a given area
climate map gives general information about the climate and precipitation of a region
population density map measurement of population per unit of area
GIS layered map that allows you to visualize data in several different ways in order to see patterns and relations in a given area or subject
GPS predicts location and time; gives absolute location
4 ways to predict if a country is developed/developing literacy rate, birth rate, death rate, life expectancy
cartogram a type of map used to compare numerical data about places
when do you use a cartogram when comparing many places
1st wave began with the founding of the US (1776); people came from north and west europe; many escaping poverty and hunger
2nd wave late 1800s; many came from east and south europe; fleeing war and persecution
3rd wave 1960s-present; many from latin america and asia; large cities attracted people from all over
6 examples of push factors famine, war, disease, lack of job, overpopulation, drought
6 examples of pull factors education, family, safety, jobs, freedom, technology
brain drain the loss of well-educated people such as doctors or engineers to another country
brain gain an increase in the number of well-educated people in a country
sahel the arid region in the southern part of the sahara
oasis an isolated spot in the desert where water is found
desert a region with too little rainfall to support plant life
5 sahara adaptations new clothing, technology, homes, transportation, shifting agriculture
importance of micro-enterprises they provide more money and free time
4 problems that keep Africa developing poverty, hunger, low GDP, disease
how is Nigeria divided culturally and ethnically into 3 section (northern, eastern, western)
why did the EU form to stop the frequent and bloody wars between neighboring countries; many lives were lost
how does the EU work it's a supranational cooperation that eliminates boundaries
how does the EU unite countries using a uniform set of laws and common currency
how does the EU divide countries by distribution of wealth, wage differences, disagreement
globalization the development of a global society in which people, money, information, and goods flow fairly free across national borders
what does globalization do it increases production in many countries
primary raw materials are gathered (farmers)
secondary raw materials are turned into finished products (factory)
tertiary finished products are sold (store)
1st stage of DTM low population growth
2nd stage of DTM rapid population growth
3rd stage of DTM slow population growth
4th stage of DTM no or negative population growth
3 dilemmas that have plagued europe shrinking population, aging population, declining workforce
world's most populous country China
3 factors of overpopulation transportation, land use, homes
special economic zones areas in china where the government doesn't have complete control; run by common market and capitalism
characteristics of japanese landscape nearly all mountains; limited arable land
how do the japanese make the most out of limited space they build high above and deep below ground
how is china getting rid of pollution hydroelectric power; burning less coal
Created by: Elkus