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Quiz 1

toward the head anterior (Cranial)
toward the tail posterior (Caudal)
toward the backbone Dorsal (Superior)
toward the belly Ventral (Inferior)
toward the side lateral
toward the mid line Medial
lying near the point of reference Proximal
lying further from the point of reference Distal
perpendicular to the long axis of the body Traverse (Cross section)
a longitudinal section separating the body into right and left sides Sagittal
a longitudinal section dividing the specimen into dorsal and ventral parts Frontal (Coronal)
Umbilical Cord identifies the animal as a fetus; extends from mid-ventral abdominal surface to the placenta; functions in procurement for food and oxygen from the mother, and movement of wastes
Umbilical Artery red
Umbilical Vein blue dye
anus terminal opening of the digestive tract, located just ventral to the base of the tail and in both males and females
paper-thin covering upon the fetal pig's entire body periderm
female; external opening for both urinary wastes and the reproductive or genital system urogenital papilla
small fleshy conical prejection ventral to the anus urogenital papilla
testes lie in the scrotum
double pouch ventral to the tail. enlarged; visible scrotum
mid-ventral surface, posterior to (below) the umbilical cord; opening of the penis urogenital opening
penis is internal detected under skin by pressing finger tip along the mid-ventral surface
possessed by both males and females mammary papillae
become the nipples mammary papillae
area between the lips and the teeth vestibule
elongated muscular structure is readily visible upon the floor of the mouth tongue
upon the upper jaw teeth
dental formula of fetal pig 1 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 0/0
adult pig formula 1 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 3/3
adult human 1 2/2, C 1/1, P 2/2, M 3/3
large, broad grinding teeth have not erupted molars
omnivores plant and animals
cat, dog carnivorous
horse, cows herbivores
structure forms the roof of the mouth; paration separates the oral from nasal cavity palate
bony anterior portion of the palate; hard
series of transverse ridges, cross the roof of the mouth palatine rugae
posterior continuation of the palate; muscular structure with bony support; divides the orpharynx from nasopharynx soft
hangs down from its center posteriorly uvula
cone-shaped slap of cartilage located at top of the larynx; protects glottis epiglottis
tube; windpipe, forms two bronchi enter lungs trachea
muscular tube,located dorsal to the trachea known as gullet, collapsed in comparison to trachea esophagus
Created by: fikott1



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