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Molecule Genetics

This study stack include terminology for protein synthesis.

QuestionAnswer
codon a sequence of three bases that codes for a single amino acid
gene a segment of DNA that directs the development of some inherited traits
gene expression messenger RNA; a linear RNA molecule that contains codons
transcription the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a DNA molecule for a template
mRNA the synthesis of an RNA molecule using a DNA molecule for a template
translation the process in which proteins are produced based on instructions carried by mRNA
anticodon a sequence of three bases in a tRNA molecule that is complementary to a codon in mRNA
tRNA transfer RNA; a type of RNA molecule that carries amino acids to the site of protein synthesis at ribosomes
rRNA The most abundant type of RNA, which together with proteins forms the structure of ribosomes.
polypeptide long chain of amino acids that makes proteins
Created by: kmaddix