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BIOLOGY EOC

QuestionAnswer
What is an independent variable? What axis does it go on? The variable you choose/ manipulated. X-axis.
What is the dependent variable? What axis does it go on? The observed variable. Y-axis.
What is... "The scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation?" Hint: if/then Hypothesis
What is a control group used for? comparing
What is qualitative observations? Observations made in an experiment that has to do with appearance. Such as color, shape and smell.
What is quantitative data? Data made in an experiment that has to do with numerical values.
What elements makes up carbohydrates? Carbon, Hydrogen and oxygen "CHO"
What shape are carbohydrates structured in? Ring
What is the monomer for carbohydrates? Monosaccharide
What elements make up lipids? Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen "CHO"
What shape are lipids structured in? Chain
What is the monomer for lipids? Fatty acids
If a fatty acid has a double line what does it mean? ========= Unsaturated
If a fatty acid has a single line what does that mean? --------------- Saturated
What elements make up proteins? Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen (sulfer)
What makes up an amino group? NH2
Carbon + Nitrogen = ? peptide bond
What is the monomer for proteins? amino acids
What elements make up Nucleic Acids? Carbon, Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen (phosphorus)
What is the monomer for proteins? nucleotides
What is the function for carbs? major source of energy
What is the chloroplast? captures solar energy for photosynthesis?
what does the golgi body do? sorts and packages
What do the lysosomes do? digest excess waste
What is the mitochondria? The power house of the cell.
What is the nucleus? The control center that stores DNA.
What do the ribosomes do? produces protein to help repair
what does the vacuole do? stores substances
What is the function of the cell membrane? allows some things in but keeps other things out.
What does the cell wall do? helps support the cell. Like a skeleton.
What does cytoplasm do? Surrounds other organelles and performs various functions.
What are in the two types of ER? Smooth & Rough Smooth contains lipid production Rough contains ribosomes
What is true about prokaryote cells? They have nuclear membrane but no nucleus. No membrane bound organelles- found in bacteria.
What is true about Eukaryote cells? has a nucleus, found in plants, animals, fungi, and protists
What are the levels of cell specialization? cell > tissue > organs > organ system >organism
What determines a cells function? the shape
What is true about passive transport? requires no energy
what is true about active transport? requires energy
WATCH A VIDEO ON DIFFUSION, OSMOSIS, FACILITATED TRANSPORT
What does homeostasis mean? Balanced
Hypotonic Water moves in ; cell bursts
Hypertonic Water moves in ;cell shrivels
Isotonic cell is equal on inside and outside
What is needed in cellular respiration? OXYGEN
What are the stages of cellular respiratio
Created by: kespires