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PN 110 Final 16-24

final exam study helps 16-24 and 12

roles of lymphatic system immunity maintain fluid balance absorb fats
lymph vessels empty into ___________ ___________ which contain phagocytic cells lymph nodes
ring of lymph tissue in mouth/throat tonsils
largest lymphatic organ that contains masses of lymphocytes spleen
body system using hormones to control/regulate body endocrine
body system involved with immunity lymphatic
body system involved with homeostasis and excretion of liquid waste urinary
body system involved with breaking down and absorption of nutrients digestive
body system responsible for survival of the species reproductive
grape-like air sacs in lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange occurs alveoli
this muscle separates thoracic from abdominal cavities diaphragm
fibrous bands in larynx that stretch to produce sound vocal cords
flap that closes over the glottis to protect the entry into the trachea epiglottis
ringed tube that carries air to lungs trachea
part of the brain that controls respiration brain stem (pons and medulla)
term for difficult breathing/shortness of breath dyspnea
term for absence of breathing apnea
term for fast breathing tachypnea
Islets of Langerhans are in this organ insulin formation pancreas
part of pituitary gland that contains tropic hormones anterior
secreted by pancreas that help sugar move into cells insulin
"master gland" pituitary gland
excessive water loss causes diarrhea vomiting severe burns
upper segment of pharynx nasopharynx
lowest segment of pharynx laryngopharynx
middle section of small intestine where most absorption occurs jejunum
increase surface area in small intestine villi and microvilli
carries urine from bladder to outside urethra
carries urine from kidney to bladder ureter
stores urine urinary bladder
stores bile gall bladder
function of bile emulsifies fat (breaks big pieces into smaller pieces)
primary nutrient used for energy carbohydrate
nutrient that is used to store energy fat
nutrient that builds tissues and enzymes protein
hormones from this gland increase metabolism thyroid
hormone that increases calcium in blood PTH parathyroid hormone
hormone that is excreted by the posterior pituitary gland which prevents body from losing water antidiuretic hormone ADH
excreted by posterior pituitary gland that causes contraction of uterus and milk 'let down" oxytocin
organ which reabsorbs water from feces large intestine
watery mixture of food and enzymes chyme
wave-like muscular contractions that propel food through GI tract peristalsis
water is lost from body in these ways urine (kidney) feces (intestines) breath (lungs) sweat (skin)
functional unit of the kidney nephron
interstitial fluid in tissues, swelling in tissues edema
sphincter at bottom of stomach pyloric sphincter
sphincter at top of stomach lower esophageal sphincter
area of brain where temperature is regulated hypothalamus
male gonads testes
male gamete (sex cells) sperm
skin-covered pouch that house testes scrotum
long tube that carries sperm from epididymis to ejaculatory duct vas deferens
gland that secretes alkaline fluid and is located around the male urethra prostate
the two large cylinders of erectile tissue in the penis corpus cavernosa
type of cell division that creates cells identical to the parent cell, and containing 46 chromosomes mitosis
type of cell division in which the parent cell divides in two, ending with cells containing 23 chromosomes (Used to make gametes) meiosis
site of egg fertilization Fallopian tube
bottom of uterus which thins during labor cervix
pigmented area which circles the nipple areola
period of degeneration of body systems when people age senescence
cessation of menstrual cycles menopause
gland which secretes aldosterone sits on kidney adrenal
female gonad ovary
female gamete ovum (egg)
organ where fetus develops and grows uterus
passageway from uterus out of body vagina
erectile tissue in female clitoris
outermost thick folds of the vulva labia majora
when egg bursts from ovary ovulation
part of small intestine where most digestion occurs duodenum
these gland are both endocrine and reproductive ovaries and testes
period of degeneration of all systems of the body when people age senescence
mineral which helps prevent osteoporosis calcium
middle part of small intestine jejunum
last part of small intestine ileum
muscular end of large intestine that contains longitudinal tissue rectum
sphincter that controls feces out of the body anal sphincter
sphincter that controls feces from stomach to small intestine pyloric sphincter
sphincter that prevents reflux from stomach into esophagus lower esophageal sphincter
Created by: ballantynec



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