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Animal Kingdom Vocab

Vocabulary For Bio11 Animal Kingdom Unit

QuestionAnswer
asexual reproduction reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism
cell the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
cephalization the concentration of sense organs, nervous control, etc., at the anterior end of the body, forming a head and brain, both during evolution and in the course of an embryo's development.
Closed Circulatory system Closed circulatory systems have the blood closed at all times within vessels of different size and wall thickness.
coelom, colonial Animals that live in colonies/groups
fluid feeding Fluid feeders are organisms that feed on the fluid of other organisms.
endoskeleton an internal skeleton, such as the bony or cartilaginous skeleton of vertebrates.
excretion the process of eliminating or expelling waste matter.
exoskeleton a rigid external covering for the body in some invertebrate animals, especially arthropods, providing both support and protection.
filter feeding Filter feeders are a sub-group of suspension feeding animals that feed by straining suspended matter and food particles from water, typically by passing the water over a specialized filtering structure.
free-living living freely and independently, not as a parasite or attached to a substrate.
internal transport A transport system is a means by which materials are moved inside the organisim
invertabrates Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column
life functions set of functions needed to survive.
medusa form of cnidarian in which the body is shaped like an umbrella
motility is the ability of organisms and fluid to move or get around
motile capability of motion between cells etc.
multi cellular Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell
niche The function or position of a species within an ecological community.
open circulatory system pump blood into a hemocoel with the blood diffusing back to the circulatory system between cells
organ a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function
organ system system of organs that work together to complete a task
Parasite/parasitic an organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
polyp a solitary or colonial sedentary form of a coelenterate
reproduction the action or process of making a copy of something on a cell level.
respertion breathing
sessile (of a plant or animal structure) attached directly by its base without a stalk or peduncle.
sexual reproduction reproduction using two organisims
symmetry the quality of being made up of exactly similar parts facing each other or around an axis.
tissue any of the distinct types of material of which animals or plants are made, consisting of specialized cells and their products.
vertebral column spinal collum.
Created by: 1587218344914283