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AP Biology Review

Level 1 Natural Selection

The change in a species or population over time Evolution
All genes in a population Gene Pool
The differential reproductive success of an organism that is best adapted to the environment Natural Selection
The percentage of each gene in a population Gene Frequency
The mathematical theory that a population is in genetic equilibrium or the gene frequency does not change unless one of the five tenets occur. The null hypothesis is that a population is in genetic equilibrium. Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium
the allele frequency of the dominant allele A p
the allele frequency of the recessive allele a q
The gene frequency for homozygous dominant AA q2
The gene frequency for the homozygous recessive aa p2
The gene frequency for the heterozygous Aa 2pq
The frequency of A or a in the population allele frequency
A trait adaptation
A change in the chromosome, gene, or DNA. Mutations can be silent, deadly, or beneficial. mutation
A shift in a small population due to a random event. Genetic drift
Mating where selection of mate does not depend on phenotype or genotype. Random mating
The movement of genes into or out of a population. Gene flow
The ability of an organism to survive and reproduce. Fitness
Created by: sarah.talbert