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Biotechnology

TermDefinition
Biotechnology The application of engineering and technology to the life sciences
Chromatography A way to separate different molecules in a mixture using filter paper
Cloning When the nucleus of an egg cell is removed and replaced with the nucleus of a body cell donor in order to create clones of the body cell donor without the use of sperm
Electrophoresis A method of separating fragmented DNA and sorting it by size on a gel
Gene A distinct section of DNA that codes for a protein
Genetic Engineering Scientific procedure that changes an organisms DNA
In Vitro Fertilization Combining sperm and egg in the laboratory and implanting the fertilized egg into a uterus
Plasmid Circular DNA found in bacteria used in genetic engineering
Restriction Enzymes Also known as Restriction Endonucleases, they are enzymes harvested from bacteria that cut DNA at specific nucleotide sequences.
Selective Breeding When organisms are purposely mated to get desired traits
Created by: hhazzard
 

 



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