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Second stack of keystone vocab

the tendency of water molecules to stick to other surfaces adhesion
a macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that cells use for energy carbohydrates
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being changed itself catalyst
the basic unit of life cell
the stages of a cell's life leading to division and duplication; interphase, nuclear division, and cytokinesis cell cycle
a process that breaks down organic molecules such as glucose and captures the released energy in ATP cellular respiration
an organelle in plant cells that captures sunlight and transforms it to chemical energy chloroplast
the practice of reproducing an organism that is genetically identical to the original cloning
a type of inheritance in which two alleles representing homozygous phenotypes are equally expressed co-dominance
the tendency of water molecules to stick to each other cohesion
the amount of a substance, the solute, dissolved in a given volume of water or another substance, the solvent concentration
a gradual difference in the concentration of a substance in a solution as a function of distance concentration gradient
the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes in meiosis I that results in unique sister chromatids crossing over
the final stage of the cell cycle, during which the cytoplasm divides to form two daughter cells cytokinesis
the movement of molecules or ions down a concentration gradient until it reaches equilibrium diffusion
a type of inheritance that is expressed when only one allele or both alleles shows the genotype dominant
the process by which extracellular materials are taken into the cell by forming a membrane vesicle endocytosis
a theory that early eukaryotic cells were formed from simpler prokaryotes endosymbiosis
a protein catalyst enzyme
the process by which substances are released from the cell into the extracellular environment via vesicles exocytosis
the transport of substances across the plasma membrane with the assistance of transport proteins; does not require energy facilitated diffusion
the use of science and technology to investigate and solve crimes forensics
the addition or deletion of one or more nucleotides that changes the order in which they are grouped into codons frame-shift mutation
a laboratory method of cutting apart and recombining genes to produce recombinant DNA gene splicing
the use of genetic engineering to change the DNA in genes causing a disease for the purpose of therapy gene therapy
the practice of using technology to insert, delete, or alter genetic material directly genetic engineering
an organism that contains DNA from other organisms genetically modified organisms GMO
the process of maintaining a stable internal environment homeostasis
a method by which an organism regulates its internal environment homeostatic mechanism
a testable explanation for observations and data hypothesis
a type of inheritance in which heterozygous phenotype is a blend of two alleles, neither dominant or recessive incomplete dominance
the longest stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell grows, replicates its DNA and prepares to divide interphase
a physical or behavioral trait that prevents mating between species isolating mechanisms
a statement or equation that summarizes observations without explaining them law
any biotic or abiotic resource, such as food, sunlight or nutrients, that limits the size of a population limiting factor
the movement of individuals into and out of a population that results in a change of allele frequency migration
the second stage of the cell cycle, during which the nucleus is divided mitosis
made up of many cells with specialized functions multicellular
a type of inheritance in which more than two alleles exist for a gene multiple allele
a permanent change in a DNA sequence mutation
the process in which alleles for traits that give an advantage in survival and reproduction are more likely to be passed on natural selection
the failure of chromosomes or chromatids to separate during meiosis or mitosis nondisjunction
a species living outside the area where it originated, introduced either intentionally or accidentally by humans nonnative species
another name for nonnative species invasive species
a structure composed of two or more tissue types, that performs a specific function organ
a group of organs that work together to perform a specific function organ system
an individual living thing organism
the movement of water from an area of high concentration through permeable membranes to an area of low concentration osmosis
the movement of a substance across the plasma membrane without using energy passive transport
the process that converts light energy from the sun into chemical energy stored in compounds such as glucose photosynthesis
a group of individual organisms that occupies an area and shares a gene pool population
the study of changes in population numbers due to births, deaths, and individuals moving into and out of a population population dynamics
a concept based on scientific laws and rules agreed upon by the scientific community scientific principle
an organism that uses sunlight as its energy source producer
a trait that is only expressed when not masked by a dominant allele recessive
the practice of breeding organisms with desirable traits selective breeding
another name for selective breeding artificial selection
a trait determined by genes on either the X or Y chromosome sex-linked trait
the development of new species as a result of genetic isolation from a main population speciation
a group of similar organisms that are capable of mating and producing fertile offspring species
a series of predictable sequential changes in an ecosystem over time succession
a relationship between two organisms that live together symbiotic relationship
a set of components that interact to produce something greater than the sum of its parts system
an explanation for a broad range of observations based on data and experimentation theory
an anatomical structure made of similar cells that perform a specific function tissue
the process in which the genetic information in DNA is copied onto a strand of mRNA transcription
the process in which the instruction on a strand of mRNA is used to produce a protein translation
Created by: carp115
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