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French Revolution

TermDefinition
estates general the representative assembly of the three “estates,” or orders of the realm: the clergy and nobility—which were privileged minorities—and a Third Estate, which represented the majority of the people.
regime ancien The political and social system in France before the revolution of 1789
louis XVI The king of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, although his formal title after 1791 was King of the French. he was guillotined on 21 January 1793
third estate In the pamphlet, Sieyès argues that the third estate – the common people of France – constituted a complete nation within itself and had no need of the "dead weight" of the two other orders, the first and second estates of the clergy and aristocracy.
second estate the nobles ( people with titles )
tennis court oath the third estate called a meeting & started to go by the national assembly, & created the declaration of the rights of man & citizen
national assembly the elected legislature in france during the first part of the french revolution.
national convention National Convention, French Convention Nationale , assembly that governed France from September 20, 1792, until October 26, 1795, during the most critical period of the French Revolution.
reign of terror was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins and Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of many people
robespierre Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician. He was one of the best-known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
jacobins Jacobin a member of a democratic club established in Paris in 1789. The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups formed in the wake of the French Revolution, and in association with Robespierre they instituted the Terror of 1793
committee of public safety in France, this group was led by Maximilian Robespierre and Georges Danton that set prices, rationed food, and raised an army to fight off invasion.
guillotine The guillotine, which came to symbolize the French Revolution, was first used in 1792. Its scaffold was the final stage for Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, aristocrats, foreigners, revolutionaries, counterrevolutionaries, bourgeoisie, and peasants alike.
directory group of five men who held the executive power in France according to the constitution of the 1795 of the French Revolution.
declaration of the rights of man The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, passed by France's National Constituent Assembly in August 1789, is a fundamental document of the French Revolution and in the history of human and civil rights.
napoleon Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
enlightenment The Enlightenment is the period in the history of western thought and culture, characterized by dramatic revolutions in science, philosophy, society and politics; these revolutions swept away the medieval world-view & is now in our modern western world
american revolution The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy.
inflation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
napoleonic code is the French civil code established under Napoléon I in 1804. It was drafted by a commission of four eminent jurists and entered into force on 21 March 1804.
Created by: gabyyym