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Ecology vocab

Autotroph Not requiring a specific exogenous factor for normal metabolism
Abiotic Term meaning non living
Biodiversity Biological diversity in an area shown by many different species of plants and animals
Biomass the amount of living mass in a specific area
Biosphere the area on a planet where life occurs
Biotic A term referring to a living organism
Carbon cycle The cycle of carbon in the natural environment
Carnivore an animal or organism that eats meat
Carrying capacity the amount of one species that an area can support/withstain
Commensialism A kind of relationship within one organism is unaffected and the other gains something
Community A group of individuals that all interact with each other
Competition When two organisms compete for the same reasons
Decomposer An organism that eats dead bodies and returns nutrients to the earth
Detrivore An organism that eats dead bodies
Ecology the study of organisms and their environments
Ecosystem The complex system of organisms and it's environment functioning as an ecological system
Food web The 'web' that shows which organisms eat which organisms in an area
Habitat The area in which an organism lives
Herbivore An animal that eats only producers (Plants)
Heterotroph an organism that requires complex materials for metabolism
Invasive species A species that is introduced into an area and will lead to the extinction of a species
Limiting Factor A factor that will keep a population from going over the amount that it should
Mutualism A relationship in which both organisms benefit
Niche A habitat that provides support for the existence of a species
Nutrient cycle The cycle in which nutrients go through in the ecosystem
Omnivore An animal that eats just about anything
Parasitism A relationship in which an animal benefits from the injury of another
Population the amount of animals living in one area
Predation when one organism hunts and kills another animals
Resource An item that helps an animal's life (Food, water)
Symbiosis when two animals share any sort of relationship
Trophic level The area in which plants grow (Producers)
Water cycle The cycle water takes naturally in the ecosystem
Density dependent limiting factor A factor that depends on the density of a population to be effective (Like the amount of grass there is)
Density independent limiting factor A factor that is independent of a population's density (Like disease)
Created by: parker.fletcher



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