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DNA test

DNA science test

QuestionAnswer
Sugar for RNA Ribose
Location of DNA Nucleus
Location of RNA Cytoplasm
Nitrogen bases of DNA Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
Nitrogen bases for RNA Adenine, Guanine, Uracil, Cytosine
DNA is a __________ helix Double
RNA is a _________ helix Single
What is the function of DNA DNA holds the instructions on how to make every organism different
What is the function of RNA To convert the information in DNA into proteins
What 3 things make up a nucleotide? a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogen base
The monomer of DNA and RNA is a Nucleotide
Copying DNA into DNA is called Replication
What is the function of mRNA To direct the assembly of proteins on ribosomes
What is the function of tRNA It helps decode the messenger sequence into a protein
Define Transcription When a form of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme RNA Polymerase
Sugar for DNA Deoxyribose
Where are proteins made Ribosomes
What is the building block of a protein Amino Acids
What is a Codon? A sequence of 3 nucleotides
What is tRNA called The Anti-Codon
Which sequence is used when finding amino acids? mRNA
Define Mutation A permanent change of the nucleotide sequence
Define Point Mutation and give an example. A type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base change, insertion, or deletion of genetic material. Ex: Base Substitutions
Define Frameshift Mutation and give an example When one base is added or removed. Ex: Insertion
DNA is AAT-CGG-GAA write the mRNA sequence UUA-GCC-CUU
Created by: Easy80