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Basic Genetic Terms

genetic vocabulary

TermDefinition
allele alternate version of a gene
genes passed from parents to offspring; segments of DNA
dominant masks other alleles
recessive only shows if no dominant allele is present
homozygous two alleles that are the same
heterozygous two alleles that are different
genotype description of an organism's genes (letters)
phenotype description of an organism's physical appearance
Mendelian Inheritance Mendel found that: 1. inherited traits follow patterns 2.Gametes unite at random 3.Only one allele of a gene pair segregates into a gamete
 



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