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Genetic Vocab

vocabulary for genetics

heredity the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
asexual formed by, characterized by, or being a process of reproduction )as the dividing of one cell into two cell) that does not involve the combining of male and female germ cells
reproduction the process by which living things produce offspring
gene one set of instructions for an inherited trait
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living cells and that contains the info. that determines the traits that a living thing inherits and needs to live
egg cell female reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with a sperm cell to form a new individual
sperm cell a male reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with an egg cell to form a new individual
chromosomes in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA
dominant trait the trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
recessive trait a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for the same characteristics are inherited
alleles one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic, such as hair color
genotype the entire makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits
phenotype an organism's appearance or other detectable characteristics
meiosis a process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells
mitosis in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
Created by: Scott Kleffner