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For 330 Climate vocab, From Chapin et al 2011

Albedo or Reflectivity Fraction of the incident shortwave radiation reflected from a surface.
Backscatter: Reflection from small particles.
Biogenic Biologically produced.
Greenhouse effect: Warming of the atmosphere due to atmospheric absorption of longwave radiation.
Katabatic winds Downslope winds that occur at night when air cools, becomes more dense, and flows downhill.
Latent heat flux Energy transferred between a surface and the atmosphere by the evaporation of water or the condensation of water vapor; equivalent to evapotranspiration, but expressed in energy units.
Longwave radiation Radiation with wavelengths of about 4 to 30 mm.
Monsoon Tropical or subtropical system of air flow characterized by a seasonal shift between prevailing onshore and offshore winds.
Orographic effects Effects due to presence of mountains.
Radiatively active gasses Gases that absorb infrared radiation (water vapor, CO2, CH4, N2O and industrial products like chlorofluorocarbons [CFCs]).
Rain Shadow Zone of low precipitation downwind of a mountain range.
Sensible heat flux Energy that is conducted from a warm surface to the air immediately above it and then moved upward to the bulk atmosphere by convection.
Shortwave radiation Radiation with wavelengths f about 0.2–4.0 mm, including ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared radiation.
Turbulence Irregular velocities of air or water movement that can transport heat and materials much more rapidly than by diffusion.
Created by: mdcoleman