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Bonus 1st Sem Vocab

Vocabulary for bonus on exam

TermDefinition
Biotic LIVING factor in the environment
prokaryote a type of cell that does NOT contain a nucleus
abiotic NONLIVING factors in the environment
eukaryote a type of cell that contains a NUCLEUS and other membrane-bound organelles
autotroph organism that can make its own food through photosynthesis
decomposer organisms that break down DEAD matter for energy
mutualism symbiotic relationship in which BOTH species benefit
primary a type of succession that occurs in an area where NO SOIL is present
commensalism symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other is NOT AFFECTED
respiratory a body system that exchanges gases in the body; BREATHING
excretion the process in which metabolic WASTES are removed from the body
hormones chemical signals produced in the body; part of the endocrine system
enzyme a protein that INCREASES THE SPEED/RATE of a chemical reaction
amino acids the building block of proteins
nucleic acids carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus (CHONP) that stores genetic information, DNA & RNA
carbohydrate carbon, hydrogen, oxygen that is the MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY
lipid carbon, hydrogen, oxygen used for LONG TERM energy storage, insulation, and cell membrane, fats, oils, and waxes
cell membrane a barrier around the cell that regulates what enters and exits to maintain HOMEOSTASIS
chloroplast an organelle that does PHOTOSYNTHESIS
ribosome an organelle where PROTEINS are assembled in the cell
mitochondria an organelle where cellular respiration occurs to make ENERGY
hypotonic a higher concentration of water outside the cell, causing water to go into the cell making it SWELL
osmosis diffusion of WATER
active transport the movement of materials against the gradient that requires ENERGY (LOW TO HIGH)
diffusion/passive transport movement of materials down the gradient from a HIGH concentration to a LOW concentration using NO ENERGY
hypertonic a lower concentration of water outside the cell, causing water to leave the cell making it SHRINK
ATP a chemical compound that is used to store and release ENERGY
stomata OPENING in a leaf that allows gas exchange and water loss (transpiration)
xylem vascular tissue that transports WATER upward
tropism a response of a plant to an environmental stimulus
phloem vascular tissue that transport SUGARS downward
glycolysis the FIRST step of cellular respiration by releasing the energy (breaking down glucose)
aerobic chemical process that requires OXYGEN
cellular respiration process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down glucose
Kreb Cycle second step of cellular respiration in which carbon dioxi;de is produced
anaerobic/fermentation cells release ATP (energy) WITHOUT using oxygen; lactic acid and alcoholic
Created by: JMHSBIO