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Bonus 1st Sem Vocab

Vocabulary for bonus on exam

community all the biotic factors in a given area, different populations living together
prokaryote a type of cell that does NOT contain a nucleus; found in kingdoms Archaebacteria and EuBACTERIA
Fungi the kingdom that is eukaryotic, heterotrophic, cell walls of chitin
eukaryote a type of cell that contains a NUCLEUS and other membrane-bound organelles
autotroph/producer organism that can make its own food through photosynthesis
decomposer organisms that break down DEAD matter for energy
mutualism symbiotic relationship in which BOTH species benefit
primary a type of succession that occurs in an area where NO SOIL is present
commensalism symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other is NOT AFFECTED
respiratory a body system that exchanges gases in the body; BREATHING
circulatory the body system that transports materials throughout the body via the blood
endocrine body system that has glands that secrete hormones for regulation in the body
enzyme a protein that INCREASES THE SPEED/RATE of a chemical reaction
amino acids the building block of proteins
nucleic acids carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus (CHONP) that stores genetic information, DNA & RNA
carbohydrate carbon, hydrogen, oxygen that is the MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY
lipid carbon, hydrogen, oxygen used for LONG TERM energy storage, insulation, and cell membrane, fats, oils, and waxes
cell membrane a barrier around the cell that regulates what enters and exits to maintain HOMEOSTASIS
chloroplast an organelle that does PHOTOSYNTHESIS
ribosome an organelle where PROTEINS are assembled in the cell
mitochondria an organelle where cellular respiration occurs to make ENERGY
hypotonic a higher concentration of water outside the cell, causing water to go into the cell making it SWELL
osmosis diffusion of WATER
active transport the movement of materials against the gradient that requires ENERGY (LOW TO HIGH)
diffusion/passive transport movement of materials down the gradient from a HIGH concentration to a LOW concentration using NO ENERGY
hypertonic a lower concentration of water outside the cell, causing water to leave the cell making it SHRINK
genetic material (DNA/RNA) a molecule that a virus and a cell have in common
stomata OPENING in a leaf that allows gas exchange and water loss (transpiration)
xylem vascular tissue that transports WATER upward
tropism a response of a plant to an environmental stimulus
phloem vascular tissue that transport SUGARS downward
oxygen the gas produced by the process of photosynthesis
a plant's response to light phototropism
cellular respiration process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down glucose
pollination transfer of pollen from the male reproducter structure to the female "sticky" stigma, usually carried out by bees, birds, wind, etc.
anaerobic/fermentation cells release ATP (energy) WITHOUT using oxygen; lactic acid and alcoholic
species the most specific level of classification in which organisms can produce fertile offspring
glucose and oxygen the reactants of cellular respiration
Created by: JMHSBIO
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