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Keeping Healthy

QuestionAnswer
Name three different factors that affect your metabolic rate? Size, Gender, Age, Temperature, Fat to muscle ratio, Genetics
Name the two ways to lose weight Reduce energy input and increase energy output
Why is your cholesterol partly inherited? Because your cholesterol is determined by how well your liver deals with fats and you inherit your liver.
What makes viruses differ from bacteria? They are smaller, in regular shapes, viruses are all harmful, viruses rarely produce toxins, viruses aren't killed by antibiotics.
How do white blood cells fight pathogens? They ingest the pathogens, release antibodies to suppress the pathogens and also antitoxins which counteract the toxins released by bacteria
What is the optimal temperature to culture bacteria in an industrial lab and why is it lower at school? 37C but it is lower in schools so that any harmful microorganisms can be controlled easily without causing an outbreak.
What is an epidemic? An outbreak of a disease that is higher than normal in a particular country.
What are the 7 nutrients? Protein, Carbohydrates, Fat, Minerals, Vitamins, Water, Fibre,
Describe a vaccination and what takes place A dead or weakened form of a pathogen is injected into a person to allow their body to produce antibodies to fight the pathogen. Once a live form of this pathogen enters their body, they easily deal with it because they can produce antibodies quickly.
Created by: asdfghjkl;'#