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Forensic Toxicology

terms off of concept map

TermDefinition
chromatography means of separating and identifying the components of a mixture
TLC (thin layer chromatography) uses a solid stationary phase and a moving liquid phase to separate a mixture
Gas Chromatography uses a stationary liquid phase and a moving gas phase to separate a mixture
Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry measure the absorbance of light at a frequency beyond blue to identify compounds
Mass Spectrometer gas enters a high vacuum chamber, electrons collide with sample forming ions, which then pass through an electromagnetic field and are separated
Breathalyzer machine developed in 1954 to test the amount of alcohol in a person's breath
Intoxilyzer Machine currently used today by law enforcement to test a person's BAC, which is admissible in court
toxicology the science of detecting and identifying drugs and poisons in the body
alcohol a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks
alcosensor device found inside PBT that turns acetic acid from alcohol into electrons
"fingerprint" pattern produced by a mass spectrometer used to identify compounds
NIK test presumptive field test for the presence of narcotics
color tests field tests that change color in the presence of drugs/alcohol
PBT (portable breath test) used in the field to determine a person's BAC
spectrophotometry general method based on how chemical compound absorb light
infrared spectrophotometry measure the absorbance of light at a frequency beyond red to identify compounds
Created by: jamesweide