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Cell Cycle Millerpy

Cell Cycle

TermDefinition
Cell Cycle Process where cells grow, replicate DNA and divide.
Mitosis Asexual Reproduction
Chromosome Compacted strands of DNA (there are 23 pair).
Gene Segments of DNA that code for a protein or trait.
Diploid Having a full set of chromosomes.
Nucleotide Building block of DNA.
Gap 1 Phase Cells grow and carry out daily life functions.
S Phase DNA replicates during this phase and doubles the amount of DNA.
Gap 2 Phase The cell creates new organelles and grows in size in preparation to divide.
M Phase This phase is where cell division occurs and it can either be mitosis or meiosis.
Diffusion Process where molecules move from a high concentration to a low concentration without using ATP.
Active Transport Process where molecules move from a low concentration to a high concentration using ATP.
Photosynthesis Process that takes inorganic molecules and turns them into organic molecules using energy from the sun.
Cellular Respiration Process that turns Glucose into a usable form of energy for the cells.
Nucleus Organelle that is involved in the reproduction of cells and stores genetic material.
Interphase The phase of the cell cycle where cells go about their daily functions. Cells spend most of their time here.
Starch The polymer of Carbohydrates that is created by bonding glucose together.
Nucleic Acids The organic molecule of which DNA is a polymer of.
Asexual Reproduction Form of reproduction in which the offspring are genetically identical to the parent.
ATP Energy that cells use to carry out life functions.
Homeostasis Maintaining a stable internal environment.
Ecological Succession Process of which an ecosystem recovers after being damaged usually from a natural disaster like a forest fire.
Autotrophs Producers that can make their own food through photosynthesis.
Hetertrophs Consumers that eat other organisms to gain energy.
Decomposers Organisms that return nutrients to the soil after breaking down dead organic matter.
Enzymes Speed up or slow down chemical reactions. Another name is catalyst.
Created by: strider021386