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Bk A Chapter 4 Test

Plant Kingdom

For photosynthesis to begin, light must strike what part of the leaf? Chlorophyll
What two substances does photosynthesis in plants produce? Sugar and Oxygen
Name the cell part where photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
Where does the energy that powers photosynthesis come from? Sun
Name of the chemical that gives a leaf its green color. Chlorophyll
What is an autotroph? An organism that is able to make its own food.
Where does algae (plant-like protist) live? In water
Name the storage area in plants where water is stored. Vacuoles
What does the leaf's cuticle do? Reduces evaporation (water leaving the plant).
A group of similar cells that perform a similar function. Tissues
What are the three functions of a plant's vascular tissue? 1. Transports water and food inside the plant. 2. Supports plant's stems and leaves. 3. Positions plant's leaves closer to the sun.
A cell structure inside a plant cell where food is made. Chloroplast
Name the process in which plants make their own food. Photosynthesis
Name the gas that is produced during photosynthesis. Oxygen
Name the cell structure that surrounds the cell membrane and gives the cell its shape. Cell wall
What is a fertilized egg cell called? Zygote
What internal transporting system allows plants to move food and water through a plant? Vascular tissue
What are accessory pigments? Yellow, orange, or red pigment found in plant cells.
What part of the plant does photosynthesis take place? Leaves
Name two substances plants need to make food other that sunlight and chlorophyll. Carbon dioxide and water
Name the products produced during photosynthesis. Oxygen Sugar Food/nutrients/stored energy
What two cell structures are found in plant cells but not animal cells? Cell wall and chloroplast
What chemical is the cell wall made up of? Cellulose
Is a plant cell a prokaryote or eukaryote? Eukaryote (has a nucleus)
What is the function of a cell's nucleus? Contains the chemical instructions that direct the cell's activities.
What is the function of a plant cell's vacuole? Storage area for food and water.
What is the function of a cell's cytoplasm? Suspends all cell parts. Contains all cell structures.
What is the function of a cell's cell membrane? Transports materials in and out of the cell.
This cell structure gives a plant its shape and also gives protection to the cell. Cell wall
Created by: scorcoran1