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Autotrophs plants and other organisms that make their own food from inorganic substances oak tree, mushroom
Chemoautotrophs the autotrophs that carry chemosynthesis bacteria
Heterotrophs the organisms that cannot synthesize their own food and must obtain it ready made human, wolf
Pigment a substance that absorbs only certain wave lengths of light, a substance that has color chlorophyll
Examples of organisms that carry out photosynthesis green plants protisist-some bacteria-some
Two types of photosynthesis/ steps of photosynthesis light dependent light independent
Light Dependent takes place only in presence of light-takes place in the grana of the chloroplast-converts H2O into O2
Light Independent can occur without light however they depend upon the products made by light independent reactions-occurs in to stoma- converts CO2 into glucose
Cellular Respiration convert chemical energy in glucose into useable energy for the cell (ATP)
ATP adenosine triphosphate used for energy cell activities it looses a phosphate and become ADP
ADP adenosine diphosphate to "recharge" it a phosphate is added back on during cellular respiration
Cellular respiration releases energy stored in what molecule? glucose
What is the primary high energy molecule that provides energy for all cell activities? ATP
Photosynthesis produces what energy containing molecule? glucose
What form of respiration takes place when oxygen is not present? anaerobic
ADP contains how many phosphate? 2
ATP contains how many phosphate? 3
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of glycolysis? 2
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of fermentation? 0
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of anaerobic respiration? 2
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of krebs cycle? 2
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of electron transport chain? 32-34
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of aerobic respiration? 36-38
How many ATP per glucose molecule are produced during the process of photosynthesis? 0
What are 3 products produced during aerobic respiration? CO2 ATP H2O
What are 3 products produced during fermentation? CO2 ethyl alcohol lactic acid
What is the order of steps in aerobic respiration? glycolysis krebs cycle electron transport chain
What is the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in plants? why were they both necessary? CO2 ethyl alcohol lactic acid
What is the relationship between glucose, ATP, ADP, and cell activities? how does glucose allow for cell activities to take place? glucose, ADP, ATP, and cell activities all help the body function and give it energy-glucose is being taken and broken down for energy and the energy allows cell activities
What is an advantage of aerobic respiration? what is an advantage of anaerobic respiration? aerobic: a lot of ATP anaerobic: doesn't need oxygen
Where does most of the mass of a plant come from? CO2 because plants take in Co2 to photosynthesize and once photosynthesis is performed some of the energy is used and most of it is stored and that is how plants gain its mass
Why doesn't plant mass come from water? when water is taken in by the plant it is released and so that doesn't change plant's mass
Why doesn't plant mass come from soil? the soil is only there for nutrients
Why doesn't plant mass come from sunlight? sunlight is only needed for photosynthesis and it is just energy
Why can't bacteria use aerobic respiration? bacteria's cannot use aerobic respiration because they do not have a mitochondria and in order to perform aerobic respiration you have to have a mitochondria
Do ? es photosynthesis take place in plants only, animals only, or both plants only
Does aerobic cellular respiration take place in plants only, animals only, or both? both
Photosynthesis Equation 6CO2+6H2O+Sunlight = C6H12O6+6O2
Cellular Respiration Equation 6CO2+C6H12O6 = 6CO2+6H2O+ATP
Reactants of Photosynthesis CO2 H2O sunlight
Reactants of Cellular Respiration O2 glucose
Products of Photosynthesis O2 glucose
Products of Cellular Respiration CO2 ATP H2O
Which organelle does photosynthesis take place in? chloroplast
Which organelle does cellular respiration take place in? mitochondria
Waste Products of Photosynthesis? O2
Waste Products of Cellular Respiration? CO2 H2O
How much ATP is produced during Photosynthesis? 0
How much ATP is produced during Cellular Respiration? 36-38
Photosynthesis the process of transforming light energy into chemical energy (glucose)
Created by: Thanhvy
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