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Compounds

TermDefinition
element any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
compound when two or more elements combine chemically
water most chemical reactions within cells could not take place without this compound
organic compound compound that contains the element carbon
inorganic compound compound that does not contain the element carbon
carbohydrate energy rich organic compound; sugars, starches, potatoes, pasta and rice are examples
lipid energy rich organic compound; contain more energy than carbohydrates; fats, oils and waxes are examples
protein large organic molecules; meat, eggs, fish, nuts and beans are examples
amino acid small molecule that is linked chemically to other amino acids to form proteins
enzyme a type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
nucleic acid long organic molecules that contain the instructions that cells need to carry out all the functions of life
DNA genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring
RNA plays an important role in the production of proteins; located in cytoplasm as well as the nucleus of a cell
Created by: carlocrew