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Bio lab 9

cardiovascular system: blood vessels

QuestionAnswer
What type of epithelial tissue is the endothelium? Simple squamous epithelium
The thin sheet of extracellular matrix below the endothelium is called the: basement membrane
What is the function of venous valves? to ensure unidirectional flow of blood through a vein
What blood vessel of the body possesses the greatest amount of elastic tissue? Aorta
What chamber of the heart pumps blood into systemic circulation Left ventricle
What blood vessel has the thickest wall within the body? Aorta
What 2 arteries are generated by the FIRST BRANCH of the ascending aorta? Right common carotid & right subclavian
What are the 3 major branches of arteries branch of the aortic arch from right to left? Brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery
What major arteries deliver blood to the arm? brachial arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the heart? Coronary arteries
what major arteries deliver blood to the head (includes brain, face, scalp)? Right/ left common carotid arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the brain only? Internal carotid arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the brain only? (vessels travel through transverse foramen of cervical verebra)? Vertebral arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the forearm? Radial & ulnar arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the stomach, liver, & spleen? Celiac trunk
What major arteries deliver blood to the liver only? common hepatic artery
What major arteries deliver blood to the small & large intestines? celiac trunk, superior & inferior mesenteric arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the kidneys only? renal arteries
What major arteries deliver blood to the ovary only? ovarian artery
What major artery delivers blood to the pelvis only? iliac arteries
What major arteries delivers blood to the thigh? femoral artery
What major arteries deliver blood to the leg? tibial arteries
Which is the most superficial blood vessel? Radial artery/ ulnar artery/ brachial artery/ subclavian artery radial artery
Which is the most superficial blood vessel? basilic vein/ brachial vein/ axillary vein/ ulnar vein basilic vein
Which is the most superficial blood vessel? Common carotid artery/ internal carotid artery/ aorta/ vertebral artery common carotid artery
Which is the most superficial blood vessel? Femoral artery/ deep femoral artery/ external iliac artery/ renal artery Femoral artery
What major veins drain the heart? Coronary veins & coronary sinus
What major veins drain the superficial, lateral surface of the arm? Cephalic veins
What major veins drain the superficial, medial surface of the arm? basilic veins
What major veins drain the face & scalp (located in head & neck)? external jugular veins
What major veins drain the brain? (located in the neck) Internal jugular veins
What major veins drain the deep forearm? ulnar & radial veins
What major veins drain the GI tract; delivers blood to the liver? hepatic portal vein
What major veins drain the liver; delivers to the inferior vena cava? hepatic vein
What major veins drain the kidneys? Renal veins
What major veins drain the superficial, lateral surface of the leg? small saphenous veins
What major veins drain the superficial, medial surface of the thigh & leg? great saphenous veins
Do arteries have a high or low pressure system? high
Do veins have a high or low pressure system? low
Do arteries have thick or thin walls? thick
Do veins have thick or thin walls? thin
Are external elastic lamina present in arteries? yes
Are external elastic lamina present in veins? no
In arteries, is the tunica media thick or thin? thick
In veins, is the tunica media thick or thin? thin
Is there internal elastic lamina present in arteries? yes
Is there internal elastic lamina present in veins? no
Are valves present in arteries? no
Are valves preset in veins? yes
Is there lumen lined with endothelium in arteries? yes
Is there lumen lined with endothelium in veins? yes
Created by: yulissalira
 

 



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