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SLP 180 CH1

Chapter 1 The Field, The Professionals, and the Clients

TermDefinition
communication disorder impairs ability to both send, receive, process and comprehend concepts or verbal, non-verbal and graphic information. May affect hearing, language and/or speech processes, range from mild to profound, and may be developmental or acquired.
speech disorder may be evident in the atypical production of speech sounds, interruption in the flow of speaking, or abnormal production and/or absences of voice quality including pitch, loudness, resonance and/or duration
language disorder impairment in comprehension and/or use of spoken, written or other symbol system
hearing disorder result of impaired sensitivity of the auditory or hearing system. May include central auditory processing disorders, or deficits in the processing of information from audible signals
auditory processing disorders deficits in the processing of information from audible signals
augmentative/alternative communication systems systems, whether signing or the use of digital methods, are attempts often taught by SLP's to compensate and facilitate, on a temporary or permanent basis, for impaired or disabled communication disorders
Audiologists specialists who measure hearing ability and identity, asses, manage and prevent disorders of hearing and balance
auditory processing disorders (ADP) Sometimes called central auditory processing disorders
Speech Language Pathologist (SLPs) Professionals whose distinguishing role is to identify, assess, treat and prevent speech, language, communication and swallowing disorders.
Evidence Based Practice (EBP) combination of scientific evidence, clinical experience, and client needs that influence clinical decision making. Clinical skills grow not just from experience, but from the currently available data.
Effectiveness the probability of benefit from an intervention under AVERAGE conditions
Efficacy the probability of benefit from an intervention under IDEAL conditions. Refers to an identified population, not to individuals.
Efficiency Results from application of the quickest method involving the least effort and the greatest positive benefit, including unintended effects
Created by: Rosa.yanez