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8.1 Terms

TermDefinition
chromosomes one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein
histone a type of protein molecule found in the chromosome of eukaryotic cells but not prokaryotic cells
chromatid one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible during meiosis or mitosis
centromere the region of the chromosome that holds two sister chromatids together during mitosis
chromatin the material that makes up both mitotic and interphase chromosomes
sex chromosome one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
autosome any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
homologous chromosome chromosomes that have the same structure and genetic sequence, as well as pair together during meiosis
karyotype a micrograph of the array of chromosomes visible in the cell during metaphase
diploid a cell that contains two haploid sets of chromosomes
haploid describes a cell, nucleus, or organism that has only one set of unpaired chromosomes
Created by: Addaleigh
 

 



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