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Cell Organelles

OrganelleFunction
Cell Membrane A thin flexible barrier that surrounds plant and animal cells. Controls what enters and exits the cell.
Nucleus Control center of a cell that contains... - genetic information (DNA) - chromosomes - nuclear membrane
Chromosomes Made of condensed segments of DNA called genes.
Nuclear Membrane A double layered structure with many openings or pores that surrounds the nucleus. Keeps structures contained inside of it.
Cytoplasm Liquid portions of the cell that suspends the organelles.
Cytoskeleton Provides shape and support to cells and enables them to move. Made up of various proteins.
Centrioles Extensions of the cytoskeleton that aid in cell division. ONLY ANIMAL CELLS have these.
Cilia Short hair like projections that help a cell move.
Flagella One long projection used to move.
Ribosomes Manufacture proteins found in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
Membrane Organelles Unique to eukaryotes, creates a network for production of most cellular materials.
Endoplasmic Reticulum Rough and smooth sections.
Rough endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes are on the outiside and they help manufacture proteins.
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Does not have ribosomes and it manufactures carbohydrates and lipids.
Golgi Complex Is responsible for modifying and packaging proteins into something the cell can actually use.
Vesicle Small packages made of membrane material that transports proteins and other products in and out of cells.
Lysosomes They break down nutrients and are considered the cells digestive system.
Mitochondria The powerhouse of the cell. They provide most of the cells energy.
Chloroplast Responsible for photosynthesis in plants only. Contains the green pigment chorophyll.
Cell Wall Rigid outer layer of plants and bacteria cells, located outside of the cell membrane, and provides shape and support.
Vacuole Stores water and waste. Extremely important in plant cells.
Created by: noack.stride