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Integument

Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
What is Integument? Largest organ
What is the 1st layer of integument? Epidermis
How many layers are in the epidermis? Five
Name the layer from deep to superficial Stratum Basale, Stratum Spinosoum, Stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum
Which layer is thick skin only? Stratum Lucidum
What cell types make up stratum basale? low columnar cells
What 3 cells occupy the stratum basale? keratinocytes, melanocytes, tactile
What is the stratum spinosom made of? several layers of keratinocytes
How many layers of keratinocytes make up the stratum granulosum? 3 to 5
Most superficial layer of the epidermis? Stratum Corneum
Where is thick skin found? Palms of hands and soles of feet
Where is thin skin found? All over body
What is the 2nd layer of the integument? Dermis
What is the dermis composed of? connective tissue proper
What is the 1st layer of the dermis? Papillary layer
What is the papillary layer composed of? areolar connective tissue
What is the 2nd layer of the dermis? Reticular layer
What is the reticular layer composed of? dense irregular connective tissue
What is the 3rd layer of integument? Subcutaneous layer
True or false -the subcutaneous layer considered part of the integument? False
What is the subcutaneous layer composed of? areolar connective tissue and adipose connective tissue
What is the first function of the integument? Protection
What is the 2nd function of the integument? Prevention of water loss and gain
What is the 3rd function of integument? Metabolic Regulation
What is the 4th function of integument? Immune Function
What is the 5th function of integument? Temperature Regualtion
What is the 6th functuon of integument? Sensory Reception
What are the two most common types of exocrine glands? sweat glands and sebaceous glands
What are the two different types of sweat glands? merocrine and apocrine
What is the function of the merocrine sweat gland? Thermoregulation
Where are merocrine sweat glands? all over body
Where are apocrine sweat glands? in hair follicles
What is the second exocrine gland? Sebaceous gland
What do sebaceous glands secret? Sebum
What are the other two integumentary glands? Ceruminous glands and mammary glands
Where is the ceremonies gland located? In external acoustic meatus
Where is the mammary gland located? Breasts
Created by: rpill