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BI Lab 7

energy the capacity to do work
cellular respiration the process of transferring energy from carbohydrates (or other organic molecules) to ATP
ATP supplies the energy needed for many biochemical reactions
C6H12O6 -> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 36ATP (glucose + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + energy) formula for aerobic respiration
aerobic respiration an energy releasing, oxygen dependent metabolic pathway that takes place in the mitochondria of the cell
anaerobic respiration produces ATP from carbohydrates without any requirement for oxygen
alcoholic fermentation one form of anaerobic respiration, only two molecules of ATP are released per glucose molecule; however, this is sufficient energy to maintain the metabolism of organisms (such as yeast)
C6H12O6 -> 2CH3CH2OH + 2CO2 + 2ATP (glucose -enzymes-> ethanol + carbon dioxide + energy) formula for anaerobic respiration
6CO2 + 12H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O (carbon dioxide + water -light energy/chlorophyll-> glucose + oxygen + water) formula for photosynthesis
photosynthetic pigments involved in the initial capture of light energy
chlorophylls photosynthetic pigments which primarily absorb violet, blue, and red wavelengths
carotenoids absorb wavelengths of light not absorbed by chlorophyll a; present in plants and some algae
paper chromatography allows the pigments to be separated based on their different physical characteristics
solubility how well it dissolves in the given solvent
chromatogram the final product, showing separate pigments
Created by: pace_sauce