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Protein Synthesis

Biology I-7

TermDefinition
RNA single stranded, ribose sugar nucleic acid that can move from nucleus to cytoplasm
Uracil RNA nucleotide that pairs with Adenine on DNA or RNA
mRNA RNA that carries the genetic directions from DNA to the ribosome
tRNA RNA that transfers the amino acid to the ribosome according to its anticodon
Genetic code universal processes for reading DNA and mRNA to build a specific protein
Codon three nucleotide sequence on mRNA that codes for a single amino acid
Protein synthesis building a protein from a gene using transcription and translation
Transcription (biology) process of making mRNA on a gene (DNA) in the nucleus
Translation (biology) process of making an amino acid chain on a ribosome from mRNA; cytoplasm
ribosome structure in all cell types that build proteins
Gene expression how much a gene's product is being made by the cell, tissue or organism
regulatory sites sections of DNA that control how often a gene is transcribed and translated
Cell specialization process of creating different types of cells due to different gene patterns being activated
Created by: strawend