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Anestetics

QuestionAnswer
Short Acting -Mepivacaine 3% 2mg/lb-300mg, Sensitivity to sulfites -Prilocaine 4% plain 2,7mg/lb- 400mg extremely short procedures (particularly children) pt's whom there is concern about self mutilation post-op NO EPI
Intermediate Acting -Lidocaine 2% 1:100,000 2mg/lb-300mg -Mepivacaine 2% 1:20,000 2mg/lb-300mg -Articaine 4% 1:1000,000 3.2mg/lb-500mg -Longer duration of pulpal ansthesia, ie. routine procedures on healthy pt's
Long Acting -Marcaine .5% 1:200,000 0.6mg/lb-90mg -Provides longest post op pain control
Variety of Vasocontrictors -1:50,000 epi (Lidocaine 2%) 0.2mg epi for healthy pt, enhanced homeostasis -1:200,000 epi (Articaine 4% or Prilocaine 4%) .04mg for senstive pt's, (Vasoconstrictor senstive pt's. Twice as much 1:200,000 vasoconstrictor could be used than 1:100,000 if n
Heart Pt's that need Vasoconstrictor -Articaine with epi 1:200
Name the parts of the Anesthetic Syringe Thumbring, finger grip, barrel, piston/rod/plunger, harpoon, threaded hub
Created by: BonnieCSATC