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EBR EMS

EBR EMS Chapter 10 Definitions

QuestionAnswer
corticoids hormones secreted by the three cell layers of the adrenal cotrex
cretinism dwarfism caused by hyposecretion of the thyroid gland
Cushing's syndrome condition caused by the hypersecretion
diabetes insipidus condition resulting from hyposecretion of ADH in which large volumes of urine are formed and, if left untreated may cause serious health problems
diabetes mellitus a condition resulting when the pancreatic islets secrete too little insulin, resulting in increased levels of blood glucose
gigantism a condition produced by hypersecretion of growth hormone during the early years of life; results in a child who grows to gigantic size
glucocorticoids hormones that influence food metabolism; secreted by the adrenal cortex
gluconeogenisis formulation of glucose or glycogen from protein or fat compounds
glycogenolysis formation of glycogen from glucose or from other monosaccharides, fructose, or galactose
glycosuria glucose in the urine, a sign of diabetes mellitus
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
hormone substance secreted by an endocrine gland
hypercalcemia a condition in which there is harmful excess of calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia higher than normal blood glucose concentration
hypoglycemia lower-than-normal blood glucose concentration
luteinization the formation of a golden body (corpus lutenum) in the ruptured follicle
mineralocorticoids hormone that influences mineral salt metabolsim; secreted by adrenal cortex; aldosterone is the chief mineralocorticoid
myxedema condition caused by deficency of thyroid hormone in adults
negative feedback homeostatic control system in which information feeding back to the control center causes the level of a variable to be changed in the direction opposite to that of the initial stimulus
nonsteroid hormone general type of hormone that does have the lipid steroid structure but is instead a protein or protein derivative; also sometimes called protein hormone
prostaglandins a group of naturally occuring fatty acids that affect many body functions
second messanger chemical that provides communication within a hormone's target cell
steroid hormone lipid-soluble hormones that pass intact through the cell membrane of the target cell and influence cell activity by acting on specific genes
stress extreme stimuli act on the body which produces an internal state called stress
target cell cell acted on by a particular hormone and responding to it
Created by: hjkruse