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Science 8 Chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
host organism that provides energy for virus or another organism
parasite organism that lives on or in a host and cause harm
vaccine substance introduced in body to help produce chemicals that destroy specific viruses
bacteria single celled, prokaryotes
cytoplasm gel-like fluid that moves structures throughout the cell
ribosomes produce proteins
flagellum long, whiplike struture that helps cell move
cellular respiration process of breaking down food to release energy
binary fission one cell divides to form two identical cells
conjugation form of sexual reproduction, unicellular organism transfer some genetic material to another unicellular organism
endospore small, rounded, thick-walled resting cell that forms inside bacterial cell
pasteurization food heated to temperature high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing taste of food
decomposers organisms that break down large, complex chemicals in dead organisms into small, simple chemicals
fungus eukaryotes, cell wall, heterotrophs, spores to reproduce
hyphae branching, threadlike tubes that make up bodies of mutlicellular fungi
fruiting bodies produce spores in fungi
lichen consists of fungus and algae that live together benefiting both
budding form of asexual reproduction, new organisms grows from body of parent
protist eukaryote, not classified as plant, animal or fungi
protozoans animal-like protists
pseudopod "false foot", temporary bulge of cell
contractile vacuole collects and expels excess water from cell
cilia hairlike projections that move organism
algae plant-like protist
pigment chemicals that produce color
spore tiny cell that can grow into new organism
Created by: jmeager