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Biology I-5

macromolecule large biomolecules and polymers
monomer single subunit of a macromolecule
polymer chain of subunits; a macromolecule
carbohydrate one or more monosaccharides (sugars)
glucose 6 carbon sugar made from photosynthesis; also common animal blood sugar
lipid fats, oils, waxes
protein one or more chains of amino acids that control biochemical reactions and make up most animal structures
amino acid monomer (subunit) of proteins
nucleotide phosphate, 5-carbon sugar and base; monomer of nucleic acids
nucleic acid chains of nucleotides like DNA and RNA
nitrogen base the segment of a nucleotide that changes from G, C, A, T in DNA or G,C, A, U in RNAL
gene section of DNA that codes for a protein product
enzyme a reuseable protein that speeds up a specific biochemical reaction by binding substrate(s) at an active site
Created by: strawend



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