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USIDMS LE Arterial

What are arterial disease symptoms? Progressive disease, intermittent pain when walking, limb pallor or rubor, limb coolness, rest pain, and NO swelling of the legs.
What are true claudication symptoms? The patient's pain will be easily reproducible with the same amount of activity =. The pain can also be relieved by just standing.
What are the mechanisms of arterial disease? Atherosclerosis, embolism, aneurysm, and non-atherosclerotic lesions
What is entrapment syndrome? The compression of an artery which creates ischemia. An example of this syndrome would be popliteal arterial compression from the medial gastrocnemius.
Ankle systolic pressure is _______________________ brachial pressure. Greater than or equal to
What is reactive hyperemia? An alternative to exercise testing. Cuffs are applied to the proximal thigh. They are inflated one at a time and the cuffs stay inflated for 3 to 5 minutes. After this time period the cuff is deflated and ABIs are acquired.
CW Doppler is a _______________ type of study. Qualitative
What are the 7 ways to evaluate a patient? Skin color, temperature, lesions or ulcers, capillary filling, elevation/dependency changes, palpation, and auscultation
Describe mild peripheral arterial disease (PVD). The patient is usually asymptomatic with no hemodynamically significant changes. When the patient exercises there could be a slight decrease in ankle pressures.
Describe severe PVD. The patient will have ischemic rest pain, night pain in the feet an toes, dependent rubor, tissue necrosis, and gangrene.
Created by: emhart2