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Cell Structure/Trans

Review of cell organelles and functions + cell transport

QuestionAnswer
Part of a cell that has a specific job Organelle
Part of a cell where photosynthesis occurs Chloroplast
Part of a cell where the Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain happen Mitochondria
Part of a cell that makes proteins Ribosome
Part of a cell where Glycolysis happens Cytoplasm
Where DNA is found in a cell; the control center Nucleus
Type of cell that does not have organelles Prokaryotic
Type of cell that has a nucleus Eukaryotic
Large, open space in a plant cell that stores extra food, water, or waste Vacuole
Part of a cell that helps to dispose of waste material Lysosome
Extra support and protection on the outside of a plant or bacterial cell Cell wall
Selectively permeable barrier for all cells; made of phospholipids Cell membrane
"Highway" of a cell that transports materials Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Packaging center of the cell Golgi apparatus
Person who coined the name "cells" Robert Hooke
Smallest living thing Cell
Most common example of a prokaryotic cell Bacteria
General term for cell transport that requires energy Active transport
Type of cell transport that brings in large, charged particles by creating a vesicle Endocytosis
Type of cell transport that releases materials from the cell in a vesicle Exocytosis
Membrane-bound bubble used to transport materials in or between cells Vesicle
Movement of water across the cell membrane Osmosis
Movement of materials from high to low concentration Diffusion
Movement of materials from high to low concentration using a protein Facilitated diffusion
Solution that has a lot of solute in it; cell shrinks due to water moving out Hypertonic
Solution that has a small amount of solute in in; cell swells due to osmotic pressure (water moving in) Hypotonic
Solution that has the same amount of solute in it compared to the cell; cell maintains homeostasis Isotonic
Balance Homeostasis
Created by: WBHSYork