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biology chapter 6, r

flashcards for questions and concepts on chapter six

QuestionAnswer
cellular respiration the process of converting the carbon in sugars to electrons to create atp
kiloccalories a measure of the quantity of heat to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree c
redox reaction reduction and oxidation reaction
oxidation the subtraction of electron molecules by removing oxygen
reduction the addition of electrons via addition of hydrogen
nad+ a molecule capable of reducing to nadh a carrying atom for the electron transport chain,
glycolysis the process of breaking down six carbon glucose or another simple sugar to two three carbon pyruvates
citric acid ( krebs) cycle the process of oxidizing pyruvate molecules to form electrons and a waste product of co2
oxidative phosphorylation the process of creating a positive environment outside of the cell that turns the atp synthase via chemiosmosis
chemiosmosis the potential energy of the positive outside cell conduces osmosis that spins the atp synthase creating atp
substrate level phosphorylation the process of forming atp by combining the phosphate group of a substrate with a molecule of adp
acetyl coenzyme a ( acetyl coA) a coenzyme produced by the krebs cycle that is formed by combining coenzyme a with a two carbon group
ATP synthase the enzyme embedded in the cell membrane that produces atp
lactic acid fermentation as our cells work anaerobically nadh can be synthetically produced but pyruvates become lactate
alcoholic fermentation fermenting for the purpose of creating alcoholic beverages and ethanol
Created by: Reginald L.