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Bio Terms 3.2

Study these

TermDefinition
Carbohydrates -Organic compounds made of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
Monosaccharide -A monomer of a carbohydrate
Disaccharide -A combination of two monosaccharides inside a condensation reaction to form a double sugar
Polysacccharide -A complex molecules composed of 3 or more monosaccharides.
Protein -Organic compounds made mainly of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
Amino Acid -Proteins formed from the linkage of monomers.
Peptide Bond -The covalent bond between two amino acids.
Polypeptide -Very long changes of amino acids.
Enzyme -RNA or protein molecules that act as biological catalysts and are essential for the functioning of any cell.
Substrate -The reactant being catalyzed inside an enzyme reaction.
Active Site -Folds within an enzyme that allow the substrate to fit inside it.
Lipid -Large, nonpolar organic molecules.
Fatty Acid -Unbranched carbon chains that make up most lipids.
Phospholipids -Two fatty acids attached to a molecule of glycerol.
Wax -Type of structural lipid consisting of a long fatty-acid chain joined to a long alcohol chain.
Steroid -A lipid molecule composed of four fused carbon rings with various functional groups attached to them.
Nucleic Acid -Very large and complex organic molecules that store and transfer important info to the cell.
Deoxyribonuleic Acid (DNA) -Contains info that determines the characteristics of an organism and directs it's cell activities.
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) -Stores and transfers info from DNA that is essential for the manufacturing of proteins.
Nucleotide -Made up of 3 components; a phosphate group a five-carbon sugar, and a ring shaped nitrogenous base.
Created by: AdamsD20