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Biochemistry

QuestionAnswer
Acid Any substance that releases hydrogen (H+) ions in solution, causing a pH of less than 7
Active Site The part of an ENZYME where the SUBSTRATE attaches
Amino Acid BUILDING BLOCK of PROTEINS and enzymes
Base Any substance that produces hydroxide (-OH) ions in solution, causing the pH to be MORE THAN 7
Carbohydrate Made of SUGARS, they have Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid - The hereditary material found in the cells of organisms
Enzyme A BIOLOGICAL PROTEIN CATALYST necessary for most reactions in a cell
Fatty Acid The building blocks of lipids
Fats Compound containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen including fats, oils and waxes
Glucose The most common sugar used by living organisms. It is needed for cellular respiration to occur
Inorganic Compounds Compounds NOT containing CARBON and Hydrogen
Organic Compounds Compounds containing CARBON and Hydrogen
pH Scale measuring how acidic or basic a substance is
Products New substances made through chemical reactions
Protein Made of amino acids
Reactants The RAW MATERIALS of a reaction
Solution A uniform mixture
Starch A large carbohydrate composed of simple sugars involved in energy storage in an organism
Created by: hhazzard