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Organelles Test

QuestionAnswer
What is the smallest unit of life? Cells
What type of cell has no membrane bound nucleus? Prokaryotes
What type of cell has a membrane bound nucleus? Eukaryotes
Which cell part directs activities and contains genetic information? Nucleus
Which cell part gives it protection, control of movement and support? Cell Membrane
Which cell part gets energy from the sunlight to produce energy? Chloroplast
Which cell part stores food, water and waste? Vacuoles
Which cell part breaks down sugar molecules to release usable energy? Mitochondria
Which cell part digests old cell parts? Lysosomes
Which cell part receives packages from the ER and prepares proteins for their specific jobs or functions? Golgi Apparatus
Which cell part transports material throughout the cell? Endoplasmic Reticulum
Which cell part produces proteins? Ribosomes
Which cell part gives it its shape and supports and protects cell organelles? Cytoplasm
Which cell part is a small dense spherical structure in the nucleus? Nucleolus
Who observed cells in cork and coined the term "cells"? Robert Hooke
Who created a powerful microscope? Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Who noticed that pollen grains in water jiggled around (called Brownian Motion)? Robert Brown
Who was a botanist who concluded that all plants are made of cells? Matthias Schleiden
Who was a zoologist who concluded that all animals are made of cells? Theodore Schwann
Who was a physician who did research on cancer cells and concluded that all cells are from pre-existing cells? Rudolph Virchow
What are 3 principles of The Cell Theory? 1. All living things are made up of 1 or more cells 2. All living cells arise from pre-existing cells by division 3. The cell is a fundamental unit of structure
Created by: smart614