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biology vocab 2

TermDefinition
chitin polymer made of modified sugars that is also found in the exoskeleton of insects
hypha One of many long, slender filaments that makes up the body of a fungus
fruiting body reproductive structure of a fungus that grows from the mycelium
mycelium densely branched network of the hyphae of a fungus
lichen symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism
mycorrhiza symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi
virus nonliving particle made of proteins, nucleic acids, and sometimes lipids that can replicate only by infecting living cells
capsid protein coat surrounding a virus
bacteriophage kind of virus that infects bacteria
lytic infection type of infection in which a virus enters a cell, makes copies of itself, and causes the cell to burst
lysogenic infection type of infection in which a virus embeds its DNA into the DNA of the host cell and is replicated along with the
prophage bacteriophage DNA that is embedded in the bacterial hosts DNA
retrovirus RNA virus that contains RNA as its genetic info
prokaryote unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
bacillus rod shaped prokaryote
coccus spherical prokaryote
spirillum spiral or corkscrew shaped prokaryote
binary fission type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing two identical daughter cells
endospore structure produced by prokaryotes in unfavorable conditions; a thick internal wall that encloses DNA and a portion of the cytoplasm
conjugation process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange genetic info
pathogen disease-causing agent
vaccine preparation of weakened or killed pathogens used to produce immunity to a disease
antibiotic group of drugs used to block the growth and reproduction of bacterial pathogens
emerging disease disease that appears in the population for the first time, or a well known disease that suddenly becomes harder to control
prion protein particles that cause disease
Created by: Sharion Davis