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Anatomy/Cranial

Review for Test

QuestionAnswer
Cracking and grinding sound of the teeth when dealing with the TMJ Crepitus
What is the thick powerful muscle of mastication called Massester
Where is the Stensen's Duct located Inside the cheek, opposite the mx 2nd molar
What does TMJ stand for Temporomandibular joint
The end of a muscle that is attached to a fixed structure is called the? Origin
Grinding of teeth Bruxism
What muscle closes the mouth and puckers the lips and is known as the Kissing muscle Orbicularis Oris
How much saliva is secreted by the average person daily 1-1.5 liters, or 4-6 cups
What is a calcified stone in the duct of a salivary gland called A sialolith
What is Mastication The process of chewing food and mixing it with saliva to prepare for digestion
protrudes the jaw and opens the mouth Lateral pterygoid
Closes the jaw and pulls the mandible forward and backward (retried) Temporalis
pulls the mandible upward and forward, and closes the mouth medial pterygoid
Closes the jaw and retrudes the mandible Masseter
dry mouth xerostomia
The main muscles of facial expression are the frontalis, orbicularis, buccinator and the: Zygomatic
what do the word parts gloss, gloss, and glossal mean tongue
how much saliva does the paratid gland produce daily 50%
What controls all functions of the body The Brain
What are the largest and primary neck muscles sternocleidomastoid, trapezius and the platysma
How much saliva is secreted each day 1-1.5 liters
This region includes the myhyloid and hypogossus muscles The submandibular
pushes the lower lip up mentalis
protrudes the jaw and opens the mouth lateral pterygoid
closes the jaw and pulls the mandible forward and backward (retrude) Temporalis
pulls the mandible upwards and forwards and closes the mouth Medial Pterygoid
closes the jaw and retrudes the mandible Masseter
The paratid gland which is locoed below the ear is the largest salivary gland, and secretes saliva through what gland? Stensen's Duct
This is the primary source of innervation of the tissues for the oral cavity Trigeminal Nerve
what is the principle muscle of Mastication that allows the mandible to open and close during mastication is called Masseter
This fluid contains enzymes, proteins, and amino acids. It also aids in breaking down food starches in the mouth and helps remineralize enamel Saliva
On the nasal septum Vomer
Compresses the cheeks and lips buccinator
Raises and lowers the eyebrows frontalis
Pulls the corners of the lips up, backward and outward Zygomatic
The moveable point toward which the muscle is being directed insertion
What are the four muscles of the tongue stylohyoid, diagastric, mylohyoid and geniohyoid
The cranium has 12 of these nerves
What nerve is the primary concern for the dental assistant The Trigeminal
Where is Wharton's Duct located Submandibular
The point where a muscle is attached to a fixed structure Origin
Created by: mkempf073162